Bourbon kings, from The House of Bourbon, ruled over France from 1589 until the French Revolution of 1792.
Not all heirs to the French crown would grow up to become kings. 3 Dauphins (the title for the French Crown Prince) kept the title for life. The king would outlive them.
I have listed the legitimate wives and children of the Bourbon Kings and the Dauphines of France.
The kings of Versailles often had one or more mistresses. The maîtresse-en-titre (chief mistress) often had their own apartment in Versailles Palace.
I have only listed the Bourbon Kings and princes' children by their legitimate wives.
The Mistresses' children will need a separate page, as there are many.
Louis XIV and His Family
At the centre of this painting is the Sun King, Louis XIV, the most illustrious of his dynasty. His father (Louis XIII) and grandfather (Henry IV) are displayed as busts.
At the King's right is his son, Louis the Grand Dauphin; to the king's left is his eldest grandson, Louis, Duke of Burgundy. Both predeceased Louis XIV.
The king gestures to his great-grandson, Louis Duke of Brittany, symbolising the older man's approval of his young heir.
Madame de Ventadour, the young duke's governess (and the only non-royal in the painting) holds her charge's reins. Her presence references her role in "saving" the dynasty during the measles epidemic 1712. The painting was probably made for her." from wikimedia